Facilities

CONFINED SPACE

3. CONFINED SPACE ENTRY PROGRAM

Conducting Pre-Entry Training

Once the entry has been planned, supervisors or their designated representatives must train all employees who will be involved in the entry. The training should be conducted no earlier than one day before entry is to be made.

The following outline should be used for the training:

  1. Identify the confined space, the reason(s) for entry
  2. Identify the work detail
  3. Inform entrants of all known or suspected hazards.
  4. Identify isolation procedures.
  5. Identify purging and/or ventilation procedures.
  6. Identify all equipment needed.
  7. Determine necessary personal protective equipment.
  8. Establish communication
  9. Protect from external hazards.
  10. Pre-plan rescue procedures.
  11. Place the confined space back into service.

1. Identify the confined space and the reason(s) for entry

2. Identify the work detail.

  1. Assign each employee the job(s) he/she is to perform in the entry project (entrant, standby person, etc.).
  2. If an employee is required to use a piece of equipment, be sure that he/she is capable of using the equipment properly.
  3. Inform all personnel that no one is to enter the confined space unless the attendant is present at the work site.
3. Inform entrants of all known or suspected hazards.
  1. Inform personnel of any access or exit problems.
  2. Inform personnel of all equipment that must be locked out or tagged out.
  3. Inform personnel of the contents of the confined space.
  4. Inform personnel of all atmospheric levels that must be maintained before entering and while working in the confined space.

If a toxic atmosphere or substance is present or could become present, the following additional training must be completed:

  1. If respiratory protection is not going to be used, inform personnel of the maximum permissible exposure level (PEL) that can exist within the confined space, and the method used to monitor PEL.
  2. Inform personnel of the potential health effects of exposure to the toxic atmosphere or substance.
  3. Inform personnel of the signs and symptoms of exposure to the toxic fume.
  4. Inform personnel of the personal protective equipment (PPE) that they will be required to wear.
  5. If entrants are unaware of the proper use of the PPE, they must be trained in the proper use of this equipment.

NOTE: Supervisors may request assistance from Environmental Health & Safety in providing the above- mentioned training.

  1. Persons should not be assigned to tasks requiring use of respirators unless it has been determined that they are physically able to perform the work and use the equipment. A local physician shall determine what health and physical conditions are pertinent. The respirator user's medical status should be reviewed periodically (annually).
4. Identify isolation procedures.
Inform the personnel responsible for the lockout/tagout of all equipment that must be isolated.
Inform the personnel responsible for performing this function of the methods to be used.

5. Identify purging and/or ventilation procedures.

Inform all personnel responsible for performing this function of the methods to be used.

6. Identify all equipment needed.

Inform personnel involved in the project of all equipment that will be necessary to complete the project.
Make sure that all employees are capable of using their assigned equipment properly.
7. Determine necessary personal protective equipment.
Inform personnel of all PPE that must be used to ensure their safety.
Make sure that all personnel required to use PPE are trained in the proper use of the equipment.

8. Establish communication

Inform all entrants that they are required to maintain communication with the attendant.
Inform attendant that he/she must maintain constant contact with all entrants.
Inform personnel of the type of communication they are to use.
9. Protect from external hazards
Inform personnel where signs and barriers will be placed to prevent unauthorized entry and protect entrants from external hazards.

10. Pre-plan rescue procedures.

The designated attendant(s) should be informed of the rescue procedures to be followed.
The attendant should be informed that he/she can have no other duty but to maintain contact with personnel inside the confined space.
Inform the attendant(s) that they must not enter the confined space under any circumstances.

11. Place the confined space back into service.

Inform personnel of the steps to be taken to place the confined space back into service.

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